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What are the lasting complications of a traumatic brain injury?

On Behalf of | Jun 13, 2024 | Injuries

A car crash is one of the common causes of traumatic brain injury (TBI). This condition has physical and psychological symptoms that may appear immediately after the accident, while others may present weeks later.

While injured individuals can fully recover from a mild TBI, severe cases may have more devastating effects and can even be fatal. In 2021, there were roughly 69,473 deaths associated with this type of injury.

If you got hurt in a car accident, getting medical attention is crucial to prevent aggravating your condition. A severe head trauma from a vehicle collision may lead to complications with lasting effects.

Severe complications of TBI

If you hit your head during the accident, you may develop health problems stemming from the brain injury. These conditions may include:

  • Physical complications: After the crash, you may experience seizures, headaches, infections or vertigo. Symptoms of these conditions may last for a few weeks, even months. Trauma to the head may also result in cranial nerve damage, which may lead to paralysis, blindness, hearing loss and dizziness.
  • Communication problems: This injury may leave you unable to use the muscles you need to form words, resulting in speech issues. You may struggle with identifying changes in tone and note the subtle differences in meaning. Challenges in communicating may cause frustration and conflict between you and your care providers.
  • Behavioral and emotional changes: Demonstrating verbal or physical outbursts, lack of awareness and risky behavior can be a complication of a severe TBI. You may also develop mental health issues, such as depression, anxiety and mood swings.
  • Altered consciousness: Widespread damage to all parts of the brain can lead to brain death, meaning there is no activity in the organ. This condition is irreversible.

You may lower the risk of injury and its long-term complications by prioritizing safety on the road.

Reduce the risk of traumatic brain injuries

Before driving, wear your seat belt and ensure that your passengers are wearing theirs, too. You should also avoid driving under the influence of alcoholic substances and drugs, including prescription meds that may affect your focus.

If you drive a motorcycle, always wear protective gear, including a helmet, gloves and outerwear. This may help reduce the risk of sustaining fatal injuries in an accident.

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